As customers turn to smartphones to replace landline service, broadband service providers are seeing a demand for larger data packages that can provide enough connectivity for Internet of Things (IoT) devices and streaming video. Fixed networks are the backbone to all internet-supported devices, but old copper wire networks now connect less than 20 percent of households, according to one study.
Often referred to as FTTH (fiber-to-the-home) or FTTP (fiber-to-the-premise), these networks can benefit both consumers and broadband service providers. Fiber networks allow for faster data transmission, more bandwidth, quicker access to cloud-based services and better support of HD video.
While fiber networks require a power source, unlike copper wire, they are not susceptible to inclement weather (which can damage or stall data transmissions) or electrical interference. They allow consumers to enjoy steady and stable internet connections. Fiber is also less susceptible to cable tapping or hacking methods.
Broadband service providers have found that switching to fiber means they can offer more services to consumers, allowing them to bundle wireless, pay-TV and broadband services. Because fiber uses light instead of electricity, data is sent at a higher frequency, traveling faster and longer distances. Therefore, a basic FTTH broadband connection can deliver a higher number of gigabits and connect them to a wide variety of devices at the same time.